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Sukhothai Province

The Sukhothai Historical Park
    Approximately 427 kilometres (270 miles) north ofBangkokand 330 kilometres (200 miles) south ofChiengmai. The most convenient route is viaPhitsanulok, which can be reached either by plane or train direct from Bangkok or Chiengmai. Alternatively, one may travel by bus all the way from Bangkok or Chiengmai toTak which is 68 kilometres (42 miles) to Old Sukhothai (and a further 12 kilometres or 8 miles east to New Sukhothai).
    ATTRACTION
  • Amphoe Muang
  • Phra Mae Ya Shrine
    This shrine is situated in front of the City Hall and is highly respected by Sukhothai residents. It houses an Idol of Phra Mae Ya, a stone figure with a white face and long hair, and dressed as an ancient Queen. The Idol is about 1 meter high and supposed to have been built during King Ramkhamhaeng's reign as a dedication to his late mother, Nang Suang.


    The inner city of Sukhothai has been
    restored to its former glory as one of the most celebrated historical parks in Thailand
    • The Sukhothai Historical Park
    • The former greatness of Sukhothai has been preserved. Ruins of the royal palaces, Buddhist temples, the city gates, walls, moats, dams, ditches, ponds, canals and the water dyke control system which was the magical and spiritual centre of the kingdom are now preserved and restored by the Fine Arts Department with the cooperation of UNESCO, not only with a view of fostering Thailand's national identity but of safeguarding a fine example of mankind's cultural heritage.

    The historical park has 26 old temples, each reflecting magnificent art and architecture. The park is open to the public everyday from 8.30 - 16.30 hrs. There is a Tourist Service Center near Wat Phra Phai Luang. The center provides information and facilitates visitors to the Shukhothai Historical Park, as well as display models of historical buildings and structures in the old city of Sukhothai.
  • Inside the Citywalls
  • The Royal Palace and Wat Mahathat
    The walls of The Old City
    Wat Si Sawai
    Wat Traphang Ngoen
    Wat Chana Songkhram
    Wat Sa Si
    San Ta Pha Daeng or Deity Shrine
    King Ramkhamhaeng Monument
    Wat Mai
    The Ramkhamhaeng National Museum
    Wat Traphang Thong
  • Outside the Citywalls : West
  • Wat Saphan Hin
    Wat Aranyik
    Wat Chang Rop
    Wat Chedi Ngam
    Wat Tham Hip
    Phra Ruang Dam
    Wat Mangkon
    Wat Phra Yun
    Ho Thewalai Kasetra Phiman
    Wat Pa Ma Muang
    Wat Tuk
  • Outside the Citywalls : North
  • Wat Phra Phai Luang
    Ruin of Old Celadon Factory
    Wat Sangkhawat
    Wat Hin Tang
    Wat Khung Wai
    Wat Si Chum
  • Outside the Citywalls : South
  • Wat Ton Chan
    Wat Chetuphon
    Wat Si Phichit Kirati Kanlayaram
    Wat Wihan Thong
    Wat Asokaram
    Wat Mumlangka
  • Outside the Citywalls : East
  • Wat Chang Lom
    Wat Thraphang Thong Lang
    Wat Chedi Sung
    Wat Hot Phayom
    Wat Ko Mai Daeng

     


    The working of traditional textile production at Ban Hartsaew, Amphoe Si Satchanalai
  • Amphoe Si Satchanalai
  • Si Satchanalai Historical Park
    Wat Chang Lom
    Wat Chedi Chet Thaeo
    Wat Kao Hong
    Wat Suan Kaeo Utthayan Noi
    Wat Nang Phaya
    Wat Khao Phanom Phloeng
    Wat Khao Suwan Khiri
    Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat
    Ruin of Old Celadon Factory (Thuriang Kiln)
    Celadon Kiln Site Study
    Si Satchanalai National Park
    Si Satchanalai Ordination Celebration

     

    The 100 years ago Gold Textiles Museum-Saathon, Ban Hartsaew, Amphoe Si Satchanalai
  • Amphoe Sawankhalok
  • Sawankha Woranayok National Museum situated in Amphoe Sawankhalok, 38 kms. from Sukhothai with a 2 kms. left turn, the museum puts on exhibition sculptures of different periods. Also on exhibition are ceramic wares of Sukhothai period and ceramic wares from shipwreck in the Gulf of Thailand. Open daily except Mondays, Tuesdays, and national holidays, from 9.00-16.00 hrs.

    HOW TO GET THERE

    By Bus: Both air and non air-conditioned buses leave Bangkok for Sukhothai from the Northern Bus Terminal, Phahonyothin Rd. some 10 times daily. Contact the station or call 2794484-7 (air-conditioned bus) and 2710101-5 (non air-conditioned bus)
    By Train: There are no trains going to Sukhothai. One may travel by train to Phitsanulok and take a local bus to Sukhothai, some 50 kms. away. Bangkok Railway Station Tel: 2237010, 2237020.
    Those with private cars, will find it enjoyable to drive from Bangkok, having the opportunity of really seeing rural Thailand. They will travel through a number of provinces: Ayutthaya, capital of Thailand before Bangkok; Saraburi, with its temple of Lord Buddha's Footprint; Lopburi, with its ancient Khmer temple; Chainat with its huge irrigation dam; Nakhon Sawan where major rivers converge to form Maenam Chao Phraya; Phitsanulok, with its various attractions; Kamphaengphet and Tak with their striking views of hills and rivers.
    By Plane: Thai Airways International Ltd. (Domestic) flies daily to Phitsanulok. Tel: 2800070, 2800080 for more details. The connection is Sukhothai by bus in only 1 hour.
    Loi Krathong and Candle Festival
  • Loi Krathong and Candle Festivalheld annually on the full-moon day of the 12th lunar month, the festival was revived in 1977 with an aim to resurrect the Loi Krathong Festival amid the atmosphere of ancient Sukhothai dating back to more than 700 years ago. The entertainments planned for the festival include krathong competition, Nang Nopphamat contest (a beauty contest in Thai costumes), and a spectacular procession.
  • The Loy Krathong festival had its inception in the golden reign of King Ramkamheang, the third king of the Sukhothai period. From a stone inscription there is clear evidence that Loy Krathong was a delightful festival which attracted large numbers of people to gather to observe a lantern or candlelight procession around the royal temple.
    Today, the Loy Krathong festival is still celebrated by the general public but the ancient ceremony of burning the candle and lighting the lantern was all but forgotten. In 1977 this ceremony was revised and reorganised each year at Mahatat Temple within the Sukhothai Historical Park which has been designated a World Heritage site.
    Originally the celebration lated for three successive nights with the full-moon night being the second night when the king graciously presided over the ceremony. Seated on the royal barge, the monarch would high light the incense stick and candle, and float thekrathongon to the river. The lamps would then be lit in worship of the Lord Buddha.
    The Loy Krathong festival is scheduled to be held each year in November. Among the main attractions during three-day celebration is the special prayers and offerings in reverence to Phra Mae Ya and King Ramkamheang the Great; a krathong ompetition; Nang Nophamas, a classical beaty pageant together with local performances and dancing. The "Ligkay," or burlesque theatrical performances, movies and classical Thai music are staged every night. During daytime there are local sports, long boat races and pleng yao, a competition with joyous songs sung by courting couples.
    When the full-moon is high in the sky, the spirit of Loy Krathong ceremony begins to revive in the dark of the night. At Mahatat Temple in the Sukhothai Historical Park, a thrilling light-and-sound show takes people back to the dawning of the Sukhothai period. Cultural performances take place against colourfully decorated scenes which actors and actreeses in fine costumes of the period. The audience is made to fell a part of the great history of Sukhothai which means"the dawn of happiness."


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